This website is intended to serve as a learning resource for junior radiology residents preparing to take call for the first time, although anyone wishing to practice interpreting cross-sectional neuroradiology images will benefit from the site. All the cases presented here are those that can be encountered in an ED or oncall setting and are shown in a PACS-like web viewer. I cannot guarantee that every fact mentioned on this website is accurate or that I discuss every finding in every case. Should you notice an inaccuracy or a finding not described in the discussion for the case, please leave a comment on that page so that I may edit the page as needed. The development of this website has IRB approval from my local institution.
Here is a basic overview of the viewer:
A few things to note:
- Use drag and drop to display an image series on a given panel. On mobile, you have to touch and hold the image series icon you want for at least 0.4 seconds and then start dragging.
- Hovering over a tool with your mouse will show what the tool does as well as its keyboard shortcut (i.e. the keyboard shortcut for zoom is “z”).
- The active panel is the one with an orange border around it. Pressing a keyboard shortcut will change the current tool for all panels, except for the reset and MPR tool which only apply to the active panel.
- To use the current tool, hold down either the left or right mouse button (at this point they are equivalent) and move the mouse.
- When you click the window tool, a menu opens with some preset window levels. If you don’t want one of the preset window levels, just use your mouse to manually set the window center and width. As you adjust, the window width and center are shown in the bottom right corner. The window level can be reset to default using the reset tool, although the scale and center of the image will also be reset.
- The cursor tool does two things: when you click on a point in one panel, it shows the matching point in the other panel. In addition, the image value at the clicked point is also shown on the bottom of the panel (this would be the attenuation coefficient in HU for all CT images)
- The MPR tool can be very useful for the thin-section CTA and head CT images! It toggles between axial, sagittal, and coronal reformations. You can drag/drop the same series to both panels, MPR one to the orientation you like, and then use the cursor tool to see the same point on different orientations.
- The MIP tool obviously would be very useful for thin-section CTAs. When you click it on, a slider appears allowing you to change the MIP thickness. The default is 2 cm.
The anatomy module consists of a high resolution brain MRI and head CTA (bone recons) performed on the same subject, linked together, and annotated. I feel it is now reasonably accurate and with adequate detail. Keep in mind that all osseous and foraminal annotations were performed on the CT and then projected to the MRI so the small structures might look a bit off on the MRI (the Vidian canals for instance are about 1 slice off on the MRI).
The brain anatomy segmentation is based heavily on the automatically generated segmentation using FreeSurfer. I have expanded the cortical annotations so that they are easier to point to with the mouse and manually edited some of the segments to better respect obvious sutural anatomy and look smoother.
The anatomy module will continue to be improved with both new detailed annotations (sinonasal cavity, subcortical brain) and UI improvements. I also plan to annotate a very high resolution temporal bone CT. Depending on interest and success of the website, I might also make annotated neck and spine CTs.